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Novice Karate Group (ages 8 & up)

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Beau Ramirez
Beau Ramirez

Cold House

According to the WHO Housing and Health Guidelines, cold indoor temperatures have been associated with increased blood pressure, asthma symptoms, and even poor mental health (2). And poorly-heated houses have also been found to contribute to winter deaths.

Cold House

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First, you should know that this kind of problem is usually a symptom of a poorly-sealed house or under-insulated house (even basement insulation matters here!). But there are a few steps you can take to diagnose the issue:

Bradley Torreano of AllMusic described the album as "the next step toward the icy-cold future of alternative rock that Kid A forecasted".[3] Philip Sherburne of Cleveland Scene called it "not only one of the most melancholy records of late, but also a triumph of musical gene splicing, drawing together folk-flavored indie rock and the skittering beats of experimental electronica".[18] Nathan Rooney of Pitchfork commented that "with Cold House, Hood seem to have finally stumbled into a sound all their own".[13]

Evidence that cold indoor temperatures have adverse consequences for health is growing (209, 210). Cold indoor temperatures are often a consequence of outdoor temperature, structural deficiencies, including a lack of insulation and airtightness, and lack of heating. As outlined in this chapter, cold indoor temperatures have been associated with increased blood pressure, asthma symptoms and poor mental health. Cold homes contribute to excess winter mortality and morbidity. Most of the health burden can be attributed to both respiratory and cardiovascular disease, especially for older people. In children, the excess winter health burden is mostly due to respiratory disease. Excess winter deaths due to cold housing has been estimated at 38 200 per year (12.8/100 000) in 11 selected European countries (18).

Socioeconomic factors play an important role in determining whether a dwelling is sufficiently warm. Income constraints force people to live in housing that is older, more likely to be poorly built and lacking insulation. These deficiencies, in addition to lack of energy affordability, can make it especially difficult for people on low incomes to heat their houses adequately. For example, a study carried out in South Africa showed that informal dwellings were more vulnerable than other types of dwellings to indoor temperature instability, which affected thermal comfort (212).

This section summarizes the systematic reviews of the associations between indoor cold and health outcomes, and the benefits to health of thermal insulation in the home environment. The systematic reviews on indoor cold and on insulation against cold and the GRADE tables used to assess the certainty of the evidence are available online at -development/publications/housing-health-guidelines/en/index.html in Web Annex B and Web Annex C.

The certainty of the evidence that warming a cold house (perhaps to a minimum indoor temperature of 18 C) would reduce the risk of respiratory mortality and morbidity was assessed as moderate.

Of the six included studies that assessed the association between indoor temperature and blood pressure, all showed that lower temperatures were associated with higher blood pressure, including two randomized trials in Japan that found higher blood pressure in people living in colder homes (218, 219).

Of the 11 studies identified in the systematic review, seven found some association between the benefits of living in an insulated home and improved health. For example, a cluster randomized trial in New Zealand on the effect of insulating existing homes where at least one person in the household had existing chronic respiratory symptoms found that insulation was associated with reduced odds of poor mental health, self-reported wheezing in the previous 3 months, winter colds or flu, and morning phlegm in adults (39).

While mental health was improved in one controlled trial from the United States of America, the study did not find any differences in general health status between people receiving new insulation and exterior cladding and those in the control group (230). One quasi-experimental study from the United Kingdom found no difference between asthmatic and healthy children with regard to different glazing systems (231). Another quasi-experimental study in New Zealand found that all-cause mortality was significantly lower in people with a history of cardiovascular disease if they lived in an insulated rather than an uninsulated house and non-significantly lower in people with a history of respiratory disease (232). Similarly, a controlled trial from the United Kingdom did not detect any effect of external insulation on general respiratory symptoms, asthma, physical or mental health or subjective well-being (233).

At an individual level, there is a clear trade-off between investment costs (installing or retrofitting insulation and heating) and running costs (paying for energy). While people with low incomes are likely to benefit the most from public thermal efficiency programmes because they are more likely to live in cold homes (52), they will also be less likely to be able to afford to install insulation if the costs need to be covered by the inhabitants or home owners. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that low-income people can afford to live in improved buildings, potentially through providing public support for housing costs; otherwise improvements in insulation might increase inequities (242).

The specific mechanisms underlying the association between cold homes, lack of insulation, and poor health may involve both physiological responses or co-exposures to other associated factors causing adverse health problems, such as damp, mould, poor quality housing, poverty and social deprivation. Further research is needed to investigate these associations and underpin the research priorities summarized in Tables 4.1 and 4.2 for the exposure (cold) and for the intervention (insulation).

Sometimes the smallest cracks can cause intense drafts and will make a room feel extra cold. So seal any openings in exterior walls with expanding foam, particularly around pipes to minimize air loss. Adding foam insulation is also a cheap way to stop drafts from wafting in behind switch plates.

But both communities must leave it behind, because both created it. Each thought it had good reason to fear the other. As Namier says, the irrational is not necessarily unreasonable. Ulster Unionists, fearful of being isolated on the island, built a solid house, but it was a cold house for catholics. And northern nationalists, although they had a roof over their heads, seemed to us as if they meant to burn the house down.

Being outside in the cold, or even being in a very cold house, can lead to hypothermia. Try to stay away from cold places, and pay attention to how cold it is where you are. You can take steps to lower your chance of getting hypothermia.

Luckily, my son Tyler came by to check on me. He saw that I was only wearing a light shirt and that my house was cold. Ty said I was speaking slowly, shivering, and having trouble walking. He wrapped me in a blanket and called 9-1-1.

Living in a cold house, apartment, or other building can cause hypothermia. In fact, hypothermia can happen to someone in a nursing home or group facility if the rooms are not kept warm enough. If someone you know is in a group facility, pay attention to the inside temperature and to whether that person is dressed warmly enough.

People who are sick may have special problems keeping warm. Do not let it get too cold inside and dress warmly. Even if you keep your temperature between 60F and 65F, your home or apartment may not be warm enough to keep you safe. This is a special problem if you live alone because there is no one else to feel the chilliness of the house or notice if you are having symptoms of hypothermia.

A heavy wind can quickly lower your body temperature. Check the weather forecast for windy and cold days. On those days, try to stay inside or in a warm place. If you have to go out, wear warm clothes, and don't stay out in the cold and wind for a long time.

Taking some medicines and not being active also can affect body heat. These include medicines you get from your doctor and those you buy over-the-counter, such as some cold medicines. Ask your doctor if the medicines you take may affect body heat. Always talk with your doctor before you stop taking any medication.

Sometimes it is hard to tell if a person has hypothermia. Look for clues. Is the house very cold? Is the person not dressed for cold weather? Is the person speaking slower than normal and having trouble keeping his or her balance?

The only way to tell for sure that someone has hypothermia is to use a special thermometer that can read very low body temperatures. Most hospitals have these thermometers. In the emergency room, doctors will warm the person's body from inside out. For example, they may give the person warm fluids directly by using an IV. Recovery depends on how long the person was exposed to the cold and his or her general health.

The combination of low household incomes with surging energy costs has created devastating pressure on household budgets. While the energy cap has limited energy cost increases below the worst estimates, energy bills have more than doubled in the past year. And prepayment meters mean that those with the least end up paying the most.

You may not realize it at first, but bread actually has several different requirements that it needs to meet to become the bread that you know and love. For example, people who have cold houses during the winter might find that it is nigh impossible to make dough rise properly.

Because people all over the world have been making bread for as long as people have been harvesting wheat, people know how to adapt their bread-making to different climates and areas. People who live in places where it becomes immensely cold inside know how to adapt to it and change their situation to help dough rise. 041b061a72


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