Buy Canned Low Acid Tomatoes
Less Acidic Formula - Though garlic and onion and other spices add flavor to the tomato sauce, they are not necessary when using superior quality tomatoes like the cherry tomatoes grown at the foot of Mount Etna
buy canned low acid tomatoes
Minimal Processing - Canning tomatoes in glass jars with boiling water is a natural and chemical-free process that does not require the use of preservatives or additives, which are commonly used in many modern ultra-high processed techniques
No Sugar Added - Cherry Tomatoes grown in volcanic soil tend to be naturally sweeter because the soil has a lower pH (less acidic) which increases the solubility of nutrients like phosphorus and potassium, important for plant growth and fruit development
Local Farming - Papa Vince supports farmers. We believe we can make this planet a better world through nutrient-dense food. Our tomato sauce is made solely with cherry tomatoes grown by local farmers at the foot of Mount Etna in Sicily, Italy
Small Batch Family Production - allows our family to ensure that the tomatoes are processed and preserved at their peak of freshness. Resulting in a delicious tomato sauce that needs no preservatives, no artificial flavoring, no natural flavoring, no coloring
Tomatoes are one of the most commonly canned vegetables. Canning procedures for tomatoes have been handed down from generation to generation. Unfortunately, there are many canning recipes that are inadequate to kill all spoilage microorganisms. Canning recommendations for tomatoes have changed over the years so be sure you follow the most up to date guidelines when canning tomatoes.
The pH value of a food is a direct function of the free hydrogen ions present in that food. Acids present in foods release these hydrogen ions, which give acid foods their distinct sour flavor. Thus, pH may be defined as a measure of free acidity. More precisely, pH is defined as the negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration. Therefore, if a food has a pH value of 3.0, then the concentration of hydrogen ions present in that food is equal to 10-3 (0.001) moles/liter. And if the pH value is 6.0, then the concentration of hydrogen ions equals 10-6 (0.000001) moles/liter. These examples show that the concentration of hydrogen ions decreases as the pH value of the food increases. This explains the sometimes confusing fact that a low-pH food is a high-acid food and vice versa.
The range of pH is commonly considered to extend from 0 to 14. A pH value of 7.0 is neutral, because pure water has a pH value of exactly 7.0. Values less than 7.0 are considered acidic, while those greater than 7.0 are considered basic or alkaline. Figure 1 below shows the approximate pH values of several types of foods. A more detailed list is given in Appendix 1. A few foods, such as egg whites, sweet corn, and some baked goods may be basic. But most foods are naturally acidic, with a pH value that is less than 7.0. Even so, the pH value of a particular food may have a dramatic effect on the type of processing needed to safely preserve it.
Acidified foods have a pH 4.6 or lower, therefore they need only be pasteurized to be safe. However, they are regulated more stringently than formulated acid foods simply because any misstep in their production that reduces the ratio of acid to low-acid ingredients in the formula could result in a food with ingredients that are not sufficiently acidified. Some portions of the food could then have a pH greater than 4.6. If this mistake is not caught, the result can be a deadly case of botulism.
Some foods listed in Figure 1, primarily tropical fruits and tomatoes, vary in acidity and may have a pH that is more or less than 4.6 depending on the season and the variety. When preserving these foods, it is best either to treat these foods as low-acid foods or else add an acidifying agent such as vinegar or citric acid to lower the pH well below the critical value of 4.6. These foods would then be treated as acidified foods for regulatory purposes and processed as any other high-acid food.
Low-acid foods are the most common sources of botulism linked to home canning. These foods have a pH level greater than 4.6. Low-acid foods include most vegetables (including asparagus, green beans, beets, corn, and potatoes), some fruits (including some tomatoes and figs), milk, all meats, fish, and other seafood.
Tomatoes that are acidified for canning are done so to prevent botulism poisoning and other bacterial concerns by a combination of acid and heat; the control in vegetables, meat and other naturally low-acid foods is by heat alone.
The bacteria that cause botulism poisoning can grow and produce toxin in sealed jars of moist food at room temperature if the pH (measure of acidity) is above 4.6. Vegetables, meat, fish, etc. are naturally fairly high above pH 4.6 (close to 6.0) and so pressure processes were developed for those to kill the heat-resistant spores of C. botulinum bacteria that are likely to be contaminating them.
Tomatoes also can have a natural pH above 4.6 (at least up to 4.8). But rather than develop a pressure-only process as if they were all low-acid, since they are so close to 4.6, USDA decided instead to recommend a small amount of acid be added so they can be treated as a food with a pH less than 4.6 for home canning. Therefore they are suitable for boiling water canning when the acid is added. (The commercial industry often also adds citric acid to tomatoes to be able to give them a less severe heat treatment than would be needed for botulism and other bacterial controls.)
When you see the tomato product recommendations in USDA canning directions that offer both boiling water and pressure canning options, those pressure processes are still only the same amount of heat treatment as the boiling water option. (Higher temperature=shorter process time.) Those pressure processes are not the amount of heat and time that would be required for canning a low-acid food to control for botulism. There has not been a properly researched process for pressure canning of low-acid tomatoes without added acid, so the available process times still require the addition of acid as if they are being processed in boiling water.
Another example of how an acid food has both a boiling water and pressure process available is canned peaches. Peaches (in pint jars) can be canned for 20 minutes in boiling water or 10 minutes at 5 pounds pressure in weighted gauge canner. That pressure process is not a botulism control either, just because it is pressure canning. The two time-temperature combinations are the equivalent amount of heating with regard to killing bacteria.
There are some tomato products in the USDA canning procedures that only have a pressure process listed (for example, tomatoes with okra or zucchini, spaghetti sauces, Mexican tomato sauce, etc.). If a pressure process is the only listed option, then it is the required processing method and we do not have a boiling water process option available. These products made according to the stated recipes and procedures are low-acid food mixtures.
It is critical when home canning tomatoes, whether they are whole, crushed or juiced to acidify them during the canning process. The acidity of a tomato is considered borderline between high and low acid foods.
Tomato varieties have been changed through the years and as a result, many now have milder flavor and lower acidity than the in the past. Testing has shown that some current tomato varieties have pH values at or above pH 4.6; a few have values of pH 5 or even higher. Adding the recommended amount of lemon juice (or citric acid) lowers the pH of all tested varieties enough to allow for safe boiling water bath canning. Acidifying all tomatoes now is recommended because it allows for safe processing in a boiling water bath canner (and for a safe short process in a pressure canner). To ensure their safety after being preserved, they must be acidified as part of the food preservation process and they must be acidified whether you are using a boiling water bath canner or pressure canner.
The acidification process is quite simple. To acidify whole, crushed or juiced tomatoes, add two tablespoons of bottled lemon juice or 1/2 teaspoon of citric acid per quart of tomatoes. For pints, use one tablespoon bottled lemon juice or 1/4 teaspoon citric acid. The lemon juice can be added directly to the jars before filling with the tomato product or can be added after filling. Just make sure to add the lemon juice to each jar and to follow the recommended amounts precisely. Bottled lemon juice must be used, not fresh squeezed. The bottled lemon juice has a standardized acidity level, with fresh squeezed the level can vary. Sugar may be added to offset an acid taste after opening the jars that have been processed and sealed, if desired, but the acid cannot be decreased prior to canning.
Michigan State University Extension also reminds home food preservers to always use current, research based recipes when canning tomatoes as well as any other produce. Recommendations and preservation processes have changed through the years and it is critical to use current methods in order to have a safely preserved product for you to consume. Resources that are recommended include: MSU Extension Michigan Fresh, National Center for Home Food Preservation, So Easy to Preserve book, Ball Blue Book (newer than 2000) and the USDA Guide to Complete Home Canning.
When you make spaghetti sauce, one typically adds a slew of ingredients that, while delicious, lower the acid to seriously unsafe levels. Unless your family spaghetti sauce recipe contains several cups of red wine vinegar, it will be too low in acid to be canned in a boiling water bath.
The one caveat I have to offer is that if you have a pressure canner, you may be able to preserve your beloved sauce recipe (just so you know, any recipe that includes meat MUST be pressure canned). Pressure canners raise the internal temperature of your jars to temperatures in the neighborhood of 240 degrees, which is high enough to kill off any botulism spores that may exist in your food. However, you should still consult recipes that have been tested using a pressure canner to determine processing time and pressure. 041b061a72